Chrysanthemum Flower Cultivation In Andhra Pradesh
The major fruit crops grown are mango banana sweet orange pomegranate and guava.
Chrysanthemum flower cultivation in andhra pradesh. Chrysanthemum farming is commercially done in karnataka tamil nadu punjab and maharashtra. The total area under protected cultivation in the state has been estimated around 100 ha. In this method of propagation after flowering the stem should be cut back just above the ground level. The chrysanthemum particularly the white varieties are much in demand as loose flowers during the autumn period of october december when other flowers like jasmine tuberose are not available for use in garlands etc.
It is evident from the progress made in flower cultivation in the state that the area under flowers has gone up from 30 ha in 1993 94 to around 813 ha in 2010 11 and more than 3000 farmers have taken up flower cultivation. This induces the formation of side suckers which should be separated from the mother plant and should be planted in sand bed. The results revealed that poornima variety recorded maximum plant height 100 94 cm more number of branches per plant 13 77 but took more number of days for. The main vegetables grown are tomato brinjal bhendi and beans in addition to spices like.
Apart from this well rooted suckers can be directly transplanted in the field. Among other traditional flowers grown in large areas are crossandra in southern states of tamil nadu karnataka and andhra pradesh and aster in maharashtra. After sowing the bed is to be watered immediately but mostly seed cultivation is done to raise new cultivars. Nine varieties of chrysanthemum namely poornima indira ravikiran redgold neelima yellow gold pusa kundan white anemone and local yellow were evaluated with the aim to identify suitable variety for different characters under southern zone of andhra pradesh during the year 2011 2012 at kvk farm utukur kadapa andhra pradesh.
Propagation and planting in chrysanthemum cultivation chrysanthemum plants are propagated vegetatively through suckers terminal cuttings or by micro propagation. In india the commercial cultivation of chrysanthemum is done because of its good demand. There are also many constraints to the flower production marketing and export. It is an herbaceous perennial plant which attains the height of 50 150cm.
Some of the issues related to rose and chrysanthemum cultivation and marketing were studied jyothi and raju 2003. Government of andhra pradesh department of horticulture. Flowers are mainly used for as cut flowers for party arrangements religious offerings and garland making. Chrysanthemum planting method the chrysanthemum crop can be raised by either of the method plantings by seeds or vegetative propagation.
Kurnool district is having massive potential for horticulture with wide range of fruit species vegetables spices and flowers growing in an area of 1 17 537 ha. About department promote holistic growth of horticulture sector through area based regionally differentiated strategies which includes research technology promotion extension post harvest management processing and marketing in consonance with comparative advantage of each state region and its diverse agro climatic features. There are many issues like growth and instability productivity differences costs and returns efficiency equity and employment in flower cultivation in tamil nadu.
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