Chrysanthemum Japanese National Flower
In japan more than 350 types of 200 000 varieties that are known in the world can be found.
Chrysanthemum japanese national flower. There is no official national flower of japan but the unofficial national flower of japan is the chrysanthemum. Explore the symbolism and meaning behind the petals to find out. Today chrysanthemum is celebrated in art festivals and home displays. How does a flower that seems so humble have become so important.
Japan s national chrysanthemum day kiku no sekku is also called the festival of happiness. In numerology the number 9 is considered auspicious. Chrysanthemum cultivation began in japan during the nara and heian periods 710 1185 when the flower was planted throughout japan. Thus the imperial family got the name chrysanthemum throne and the flower remains the symbol of the.
The holiday was established in 910 ad when the first chrysanthemum show was held. During that period japan was greatly influenced by chinese culture. The chrysanthemum is the flower for the month of september. The flower called kiku has significant value in japanese culture and usually symbolizes longevity.
The emblem of the flower can also be seen on the passport of japan. In addition to chinese dress calligraphy and art the japanese imperial family fell in love with the chinese flower too. The people of japan usually called it mums or chrysanths. The imperial seal of japan is also called the chrysanthemum seal 菊紋 kikumon chrysanthemum flower seal 菊花紋 菊花紋章 kikukamon kikukamonshō or imperial chrysanthemum emblem 菊の御紋 kikunogomon is one of the national seals and a crest used by the emperor of japan and members of the imperial family it is a contrast to the paulownia seal used by the japanese government.
The chrysanthemum which is most commonly referred to as the cherry blossom has long been recognized as the symbol of the japanese imperial family. It was sponsored by the imperial family. They are native to asia and northeastern europe they are also found in china in a large number and are the highly beloved flower among the people of japan in the 15th century it was first cultivated in china. Japan has no legally defined national flower or seal but you will see the imperial seal.
They used the image of the chrysanthemum on official seals and even the throne. Chrysanthemum is the national flower of japan. The national flower of japan is chrysanthemum. The chrysanthemum or kiku in japanese was first introduced to japan from china in the 5th century.
Yet it is also one of the cut flowers most used today for bouquets the national flower of japan is chrysanthemum buttonholes. It is celebrated on september 9 which is the ninth day of the ninth month. Actually though the official japanese flower is the 16 petal chrysanthemum used for the imperial seal.
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