Iris Flower Types Of Irises
There are some 300 species in the genus iris.
Iris flower types of irises. Virginia irises which love water and typical garden soil. The most familiar irises are the tall at least 28 inches bearded irises iris germanica. Those two groups are rhizome irises and bulbous irises. Gardeners new to irises will love easy siberian irises.
You will see siberian irises described as diploid or tetraploid which is in reference to the number of chromosomes in the plants. Some varieties will tolerate part shade such as siberian irises and pacific coast natives iris innominata iris tenax iris macrosiphon and iris douglasiana. Irises may be a bearded type or crested beardless. Beardless iris which includes the siberian japanese and louisiana irises as well as iris pseudacorus.
A diploid plant has two sets of chromosomes but a tetraploid has four sets resulting in stocky. Siberian iris plants siberian iris is a hardy long lived type of beardless iris consisting of clumps of narrow sword like leaves and slender stems that reach heights up to 4 feet. All the different species cultivators and hybrids fall into one of those two main categories. In general iris symbolizes eloquence but purple iris symbolizes wisdom and compliments yellow iris symbolizes passion blue iris symbolizes faith and hope and white iris symbolizes purity.
Most siberian iris flowers are blue violet or purple and petals may be very ruffled. And don t think that irises are done adding to that list. In crested iris the hairs form a comb or ridge. Unlike japanese iris the siberian iris is very drought tolerant and may succumb to crown rot if the soil stays too moist.
These distinctive six petaled flowers have three outer hanging petals called falls and three inner upright petals called standards. Bearded iris and siberian iris are two of the most common types of irises grown. Many irises will grow in total shade but they most likely won t flower. The bearded iris and siberian iris are the most commonly grown types of irises.
Irises need full sun at least half the day. Crested iris iris cristata and iris tectorum dutch iris iris hollandica. Beardless iris flowers also include japanese irises which don t like standing water and prefer more acidic soil. Bearded iris are so called because they have soft hairs along the center of the falls.
These types of iris flowers have thick stems that grow horizontally under the ground. As well as being the scientific name iris is also widely used as a common name for all iris. Dwarf varieties tend to bloom earlier in spring with intermediate sizes blooming later spring and taller bearded varieties blooming late spring and. There are almost 1 000 new varieties of both types of irises each year.
The graceful grass like leaves remain attractive long after the flowers have faded. And crested irises which do great in dry shade. You will need to understand these categories in order to understand how to grow iris flowers. Some will only grow partially underground and it is.
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