Iris Flower Types
Iris identification by flower characteristics.
Iris flower types. A diploid plant has two sets of chromosomes but a tetraploid has four sets resulting in stocky. Gardeners new to irises will love easy siberian irises. The four principal types of iris flowers include bearded beardless crested and bulbous. The falls are the three petals that are curved downwards they are falling away from the center of the flower.
Thousands of bearded iris cultivars exist. Most iris have similar looking flowers but there are a couple of unique characteristics that are used to identify different types of iris with rhizomes and these include the beard and the crest. Stool iris table iris and leafless iris including i. 2 primary and 2 secondary.
There are three popular rhizome irises that you may run into when researching how to grow iris flowers. Most siberian iris flowers are blue violet or purple and petals may be very ruffled. The term bearded refers to the series of soft hairs arranged in a linear form on each of the falls 4. The two primary structures are jewel and flower.
Nudicaulis iris aphylla subsp. Photo of the 4 main iris types in the rayid model of iris interpretation there are 4 constitutional iris patterns. Iris is a genus of 260 300 species of flowering plants with showy flowers it takes its name from the greek word for a rainbow which is also the name for the greek goddess of the rainbow iris some authors state that the name refers to the wide variety of flower colors found among the many species. The bearded iris and siberian iris are the most commonly grown types of irises.
Unlike japanese iris the siberian iris is very drought tolerant and may succumb to crown rot if the soil stays too moist. They are grown directly from existing rhizomes instead of from an iris bulb. Most bloom in spring although some types can produce flowers in summer and fall. You will see siberian irises described as diploid or tetraploid which is in reference to the number of chromosomes in the plants.
Types of irises irises are classified into two major groups rhizome irises and bulbous irises. Iris flowers are a common sight in gardens across the united states. Everyone has one of these two patterns as their dominant iris structure. Bearded beardless and crested irises.
The world s largest gardens dedicated to iris flowers is the iris garden in florence italy and presby memorial iris garden in new jersey. The standards are three petals that are standing. An iris has two types of petals called falls and standards. As well as being the scientific name iris is also widely used as a common name for all iris.
Bearded iris flowers of the three flower types bearded irises are perhaps the most popular because they are easy to grow and floriferous.
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