Lantana Plant Toxic For Dogs
Considered a weed in australia lantana is a colourful extremely toxic plant for cats and dogs.
Lantana plant toxic for dogs. When ingested clinical signs include depression vomiting diarrhea weakness and possible liver failure which occurs more commonly with farm animals. Also known as sweetheart plant the leaves can be toxic to cats and dogs if chewed or ingested. These are liver toxins and they are found in all parts of the plant. Not only is lantana an invasive shrub in warmer areas where it is not annual however but it is also toxic.
The toxic ingredient of calcium oxalate crystals is released upon chewing or biting any parts of the plant. Triterpenoids liver toxins are found in all parts of the plant. Grow the plant up high in a hanging basket thus serves two purposes. Unripe berries are toxic and ripe berries generally only produce mild gi signs.
Flower color is not a reliable method to determine toxicity however. Animals that are familiar with the plant often avoid it because of its pungent smell but if your pup has never encountered it before he might be inclined to taste it. Triterpenoid can damage your dog rsquo s hepatic system gallbladder bile ducts and liver. For this reason it s always a good idea to discourage them from chewing on or ingesting any vegetation especially the following plants.
A toxic dose is 1 percent of the animal s or human s body weight. Yes this is a toxic plant but generally not as much of a problem in small animals like dogs as it is in ruminants. Keeping the plant contained so it does not spread and keeping the plant at a height where the dog cannot reach it. Depression vomiting diarrhoea weakness loss of appetite shock abdominal swelling paralysis.
Castor bean or castor oil plant ricinus communis. The leaves contain lantadene a and b triterpenoids which are the toxic principles. Symptoms include drooling mouth pain and swelling decreased appetite vomiting and rarely constriction of airways. Jaundice occurs due to a shutdown of the liver.
Toxicity varies with the color of the flowers red and yellow being most toxic and white least toxic. Symptoms appear one to two days after ingestion of a toxic dose which the veterinary medicine library at university of illinois says is equivalent to 1 percent or more of the animal s body weight. Many plants are toxic to dogs. Lantana poisoning in dogs is common in the southwestern united states in places where it is allowed to grow wild.
Unripe berries cause clinical. Lantana causes photosensitization within one to two days in most animals and people who ingest a toxic dose of it. Vomiting diarrhea labored breathing weakness. The lantana plant contains triterpenoids.
While the entire plant of the lantana is poisonous the berries are the most toxic. Lantana lantana is also called red sage wild sage yellow sage and shrub verbena. Liver failure more common in livestock. Appetite loss an inability to digest and constipation are common.
Not all lantana have berries but those that do are. The toxic property in lantana is a triterpenoid which is extremely toxic and dangerous to your dog as well as other animals and children if consumed.
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